Unilever and Palm Oil
On 11 December, Unilever announced it was suspending future purchases from palm oil supplier PT Smart. The move followed allegations that the Indonesian company's plantations are contributing to the destruction of high conservation value forests and expanding onto peat lands.
What's being said:
"Unilever's decision could represent a defining moment for the palm oil industry. What we're seeing here is the world's largest buyer of palm oil using its financial muscle to sanction suppliers who are destroying rainforests and clearing peat lands. This has set a new standard for others to follow."
– Greenpeace Executive Director John Sauven.
"The Greenpeace claims are of a nature that we can't ignore. Unilever is committed to sustainable sourcing."
– Unilever's Chief Procurement Officer Marc Engel.
"If companies sign up to the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil [RSPO], we expect them to live up to the RSPO principles."
– Unilever's Director of Sustainable Agriculture and President of the RSPO Jan-Kees Vis.
Key facts about palm oil:
- Palm oil is used in many products, from shampoo, lotions and soap, to margarines, sauces and ice cream.
- Every consumer goods company in the world, from big producers like Unilever to those that produce supermarket-own brands, use palm oil.
- Unilever is a founder member of the RSPO, which it chairs. There is currently comparatively little palm oil which is certified sustainable. The RSPO is working to increase the amount available and has set sustainability criteria against which suppliers can now be certified. The RSPO is the only organisation in the world to do this.
- In May 2008, Unilever made a commitment to buy 100% certified sustainable palm oil by 2015, regardless of any additional cost – which would not be passed on to consumers.
- In 18 months we have already reached 15% of that target and we plan to double this to 30% in 2010.
- Unilever has purchased 80% of the sustainable palm oil certificates made available in the market, which means Unilever buys the majority of certified sustainable palm oil as it becomes available.
- Unilever works directly – and through the RSPO – with local NGOs and agencies – especially with Greenpeace – to drive industry change and set high sustainability standards. Few companies are doing as much as Unilever to find a solution, a fact that Greenpeace acknowledges.
- Unilever is committed to the highest sustainability and environmental practices. When Greenpeace presented us with its report on palm oil producer PT Smart, we acted immediately.
- Deforestation is a serious issue and has a bigger impact on carbon emissions than the whole transport sector. It is a problem that requires action and leadership from governments, companies and NGOs working in partnership. No one group can find the answer by itself. Unilever is committed to playing an active role.